The term “water feature” is given to a range of items including fountains, pools, ponds, waterfalls and streams, but people generally think of them as small, decorative outdoor items. The first water features were powered by gravity or hydraulic rams, but since the 18th century pumps have been used to circulate the water.
Today, water features mainly operate on electricity, but solar power is beginning to become popular as well. They are typically self-contained, so they don’t require water to be pumped in from an outside source. The water is recycled from a hidden reservoir, which is contained either inside the water feature itself or in a basin underground.
The sizes of water features range from ones small enough for a tabletop, to ones large enough to cover an entire wall. They can be constructed from stone, granite, stainless steel, glass or a range of other materials. Most modern water features have timers to control the hours they run and some have even more advanced controls, such as synchronizing music and light animation with the water’s movements.